Offshore oil rigs are a significant source of the world’s supply of oil. These enormous structures use the cutting edge of technology to extract oil from beneath the sea floor. Since they extract several gallons of crude oil and process it every day, the entire operations require constant monitoring. The right conditions, such as temperature and humidity, you want to make sure that you maintain it. You also want to monitor the levels of oils and other factors constantly. Since the rigs burrow deep below the surface of the ocean, this presents some very real problems. This is where a master control station (MCS) comes in: due to the fact that they situate it off shore, above the ocean surface. It receives signals from the subsea control modules and transmits them to the on-shore facilities.
The subsea control modules gather data directly from the sea floor. They then transmit this data to the master control station located over the sea. Master control stations act as intermediaries between the subsea control modules and the distributed control system. The MCS is a critical piece of equipment on an oil rig. It is responsible for maintaining good conditions. It ensures the best production and efficiency, and manages the reserves of oil.
Equipment similar to the master control station is also present in on-shore oil rigs. The level of automation they offer improves improves the efficiency of oil rigs. Several aspects of the extraction and storage are controlled without the need for manual labor. Previously, companies that manufactured the subsea control modules also developed MCSs. These devices were specific to the SCMs from the same manufacturer. Hence, companies could not interchange between the SCMs and MCSs of different manufacturers. This is why many oil rigs are pushing for developing a universal master control station. This can receive and send from any subsea control module. A universal MCS is commercially available, and thus, you can buy and replace them at a lesser cost than before.
The MCS is an essential part of subsea equipment. The MCSs used by most companies integrate a standard programming system (Standard Interface). More and more companies today are opting to invest in universal master control stations. These control stations lower costs for the companies and are easy to get. Replacement for components of the universal MCS is also readily available in the market. The MCS is not only employed by oil companies but by any company, that performs research and project offshore.